Cloud Ethics Opinions: A Full List (Maybe)

The ABA Legal Technology Resource Center has a useful collection of cloud ethics opinions from around the U.S. For anyone researching the topic, however, you should note that the list is incomplete. My research found three states not listed on the LTRC site — Connecticut, Florida and Virginia — and feedback to this post has alerted me to others. At this point, I have the total number of states to have considered the issue as 19.

I raise this because I happened to come across two separate blog posts this week that assumed this list is complete. The ethics of cloud computing remains an evolving area of law and research involving it needs constant updating.

Following is the list of opinions I’ve found. My original list was compiled last fall for my presentation at the Clio Cloud Conference on the Ethics and Security of Cloud Computing for Lawyers. I have added other opinions based on feedback from readers.

The good news here is that all 17 of the states that have considered the issue agree that lawyers may ethically use the cloud, provided they take reasonable steps to minimize risk to confidential information and client files.

ALABAMA
Opinion 2010-02

ARIZONA
Opinion 09-04

CALIFORNIA
Formal Opinion No. 2012-184
Opinion 2010-179

CONNECTICUT
Informal Opinion 2013-07

FLORIDA
Bar Opinion 12-3

IOWA
Opinion 11-01

MAINE
Opinion 207 (Jan. 8, 2013)
Opinion 194

MASSACHUSETTS
Opinion 12-03

NEVADA
Opinion 33

NEW HAMPSHIRE
Opinion #2012-13/4

NEW JERSEY
Opinion 701

NEW YORK
Opinion 842

NORTH CAROLINA
2011 Formal Ethics Opinion 6

OHIO
OSBA Informal Advisory Opinion 2013-03

OREGON
Opinion 2011-188

PENNSYLVANIA
Opinion 2011-200

VERMONT
Opinion 2010-6

VIRGINIA
Opinion 1872

WASHINGTON
Advisory Opinion 2215